Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most holy place. NASB
Your people and your holy city. By these words there can be no doubt that this prophecy can only refer to Israel and Jerusalem. Though many interpreters have tried to broaden the meaning, “your people” means Daniel’s people, which are the people of Israel; and “your holy city” clearly means Daniel’s city Jerusalem. This distinction as to the exclusivity of this prophecy is most important for our study, as it provides a clear proof of why the church will not be present during the Tribulation (we will discuss this later).
Secondly, that this prophecy includes the city as well as the people, suggests that the 490 years indeed spans across a time when the Jews and their city will be under siege and in need of deliverance. Therefore, I would say that this is an indication that the prophecy includes the time of the Tribulation, unto Christ’s second coming. This prophecy then gives us hope for the people of Israel and their city—to restore or rebuild their city for worship (which includes a new temple) and to save and make holy the people.
Copyright © 2014 by Stephen Nielsen