Click on picture above to see a Video of the Temple
Since the temple and Jerusalem will be the center of worship and government, it will be important to begin construction of these places as soon as possible when the millennium begins. We have already mapped out their locations, but were you aware that they will be located on top of a mountain? Actually, Ezekiel 40:2 tells us that it will be on a “very high mountain”; and in Isaiah 2:2, we read that it will be on “the chief of the mountains.”
As we have previously indicated, most of Palestine will be relatively flat, so I take it that this area where the temple and the city lie, will be raised up high above all else. I’m sure it will be a beautiful sight. David describes the sight in this song.
Psalm 48:1-3 Great is the Lord, and greatly to be praised, In the city of our God, His holy mountain. 2 Beautiful in elevation, the joy of the whole earth, Is Mount Zion in the far north, The city of the great King. 3 God, in her palaces, Has made Himself known as a stronghold.
Now as for what materials will be used (for the temple and the city), what workers will be employed, and how long the project will take, the Bible doesn’t tell us. However, it does give us detailed dimensions and the design of the temple (Ezek. 40:1-43:17). Apparently, they are important for us to know.
I won’t hash over all the dimensions, but I have included a diagram (above). If you have a computer, I would encourage you to also look at a series of videos: you can just google Ezekiel 40 and find them under Ezekiel’s Temple Vision – Chapter 40 – 3D Animation – You Tube. This is the first video; there are two more videos to follow. These videos are a 3-D animation made by bibliaprints.com, and will take you verse by verse, step by step through the temple, showing all the dimensions just as they are mentioned in Ezekiel, chapters 40-43 (click on the animation above).
As you will see in the videos, everything about the temple will be very awesome looking, very large. The wall around the temple will be 10 feet high and 10 1/2 feet thick! The six entrance gates (east, north, and south, outer and inner gates) will be like nothing you have ever seen! They stand tall, at a height of 100 feet! As you would approach any of the gateways, the entrance is 22 3/4 feet wide. After you pass through the gateway, the outer court is huge, spanning between the outer and inner gateway at about 175 feet. That’s over half the length of a football field! Well, you get the idea.
The former temples were large too, but they don’t compare to this one. This one will be ten times larger than Solomon’s temple (that is, the entire temple area) and three times larger than Herod’s temple. I mentioned earlier that the dimensions and the design of the temple were important. What I meant was that they are significant as to what they teach us; for each dimension with its design was planned by God to teach lessons and to produce repentance in the people, that they be kept holy and that God be glorified (Ezek. 43:10-12).
I will mention just two things that seem quite obvious to me. First, as you see repeated measurements, there is the lesson of unity and harmony. According to Barnes Notes, “Among the Hebrews the perfect figure was the square or the cube, and harmony was thought to be attained by exact equality, or by the repetition of like dimensions.”
We see this, for example, in the measurements of the rod (10 1/2 feet), which was used repeatedly: the walls around the temple are one rod cubed; the thresholds of all the gateways are one rod deep; and each gate chamber is one rod high.
We also see the square shape in the temple area itself (100 x 100 cubits), in the altar (14 x 14 cubits), and in the most holy place (20 x 20 cubits).
Secondly, the carvings of palm trees and cherubim—on the gate-posts, doors and the walls—will give them not only a vision of the beauty of God, but of righteousness and fruitfulness. Perhaps when they see these decorations they will be reminded of Psalms 9:12 and be encouraged: “The righteous shall flourish like a palm tree.”
Now since the purpose of the millennial temple and the sacrifices will be entirely different from the Old Testament temples, there will not be the need for many of the items that use to be in the temple. There will be no Ark of the Covenant, no Pot of Manna, no Aaron’s rod, no tablets of the Law, no Cherubim, no Mercy Seat, no Golden Candlestick, no Shew-bread, and no Veil. Yes, these items will be missing, because Christ has died and has risen. He has paid for our sins. Sacrifices that are brought to the temple will not have a prospective meaning as they once had; they will have a retrospective meaning—looking back in thanks and praise to God for the cross.
Well, this is all I want to say about the building of the temple. But what about the city? What do we know about the building of the city of Jerusalem? The Bible gives us very few details. We know that Jerusalem will be rebuilt just south of the temple—about 1 1/2 miles south of it. We don’t know for sure if it will be on the same elevation as the temple, but I suspect that it will be.
The city will be quite large—six miles in circumference. That is about 2 1/2 times larger than what it was during the time of Christ.
And we know that there will be twelve exits to the city with gates, each one named after a tribe of Israel (Ezek. 48:30-35).
Oh, in case you are wondering, no this is not the New Jerusalem. The New Jerusalem during the Millennium I believe will be above the earth. I will talk more on this later.
Copyright © 2014 by Stephen Nielsen