In my country we don’t have princes, but we do have governors. And I think this is really much of what a prince is—he is head over the government. In Isaiah 9:6, Christ is given the title Prince of Peace because His government, the government that He will be head over, will be a government of peace; that is, all the workings of His government will be designed to maintain peace in the world.
In Daniel 9:25, He is called Messiah the Prince. In Hebrew, Messiah means “anointed one” or “chosen one.” In Greek it is translated “Christos,” which in English is translated “Christ.” Thus when the Jews referred to Jesus as Messiah, or the Christ, they recognized Him as “the Son of the living God” (Matt. 16:16), the one who would be their deliverer and savior (Jn. 1:41; 4:25; 6:14; 7:41).
Messiah the Prince, referred to in Daniel 9:25, speaks of a specific time; the time when He would come into Jerusalem riding a donkey, which has been called His triumphal entry (Matt. 21:1-11). It was when a great multitude of Jews spread their clothes and branches on the road in front of Him and cried out, saying (v. 9),
“Hosanna to the Son of David;
Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord;
Hosanna in the highest!”
Therefore, this term Messiah the Prince depicts that He is the chosen King of Israel, the Son of God who comes in the name of the Lord to deliver Israel. When this title is used in the millennial kingdom it will have a reminiscent meaning, bringing to remembrance His work of redeeming Israel. But it will also show that He remains the Son of God, the chosen one who will always be Israel’s Prince.
Another reference to this title of Prince is in Daniel 8:25. Here He is called Prince of princes. This title indicates to us that among all the other princes, He is the greatest. In the context here (Dan. 8:23-25), there will be one who will declare himself to be the greatest prince; he will be the antichrist (Dan. 9:26). And in the end he will come against Christ, and “he shall be broken without human means” (Dan. 8:25).
Now, getting back to His government, I think it will be primarily with His title of Prince of Peace that He will head up the government (Isa. 9:6-7). This government will be called His government (Isa. 9:7) because He will establish it. Isaiah 9:6 says, “And the government will rest on His shoulders.” This government will have its headquarters in Jerusalem, which will at that time be regarded as the center of the world. From Jerusalem, on His throne, the law of God will go forth. And from there He will settle international disputes; and He will make all nations to be at peace with each other. All wars will stop, all military training will end, and all implements of war will no longer be made (Mic. 4:2-3).
Oh, what a time that will be! He will be absolutely brilliant and wise in His judgments, judging all people with absolute righteousness and fairness, for a He will not only judge by what He sees and hears in a case; He will judge by a Spirit empowered supernatural perception. Indeed, God’s Spirit will be upon Him.
And the Spirit of the Lord will rest on Him,
The spirit of wisdom and understanding,
The spirit of counsel and strength,
The spirit of knowledge and the fear of the Lord.
3 And He will delight in the fear of the Lord,
And He will not judge by what His eyes see,
Nor make a decision by what His ears hear;
4 But with righteousness He will judge the poor,
And decide with fairness for the afflicted of the earth;
“Behold, My Servant, whom I uphold;
My chosen one in whom My soul delights.
I have put My Spirit upon Him;
He will bring forth justice to the nations.