We have been studying some of the names and titles that portray Christ as Messiah and God—in particular, those names that will display His character and glory in the millennial kingdom. This title, Lord of hosts, depicts our Lord’s great might and power over all things. In the NIV and in the NLT it is translated LORD Almighty. But I prefer the older King James translation, Lord of hosts, because it seems to ring true to its meaning. Barnes, in His Barnes’ Notes, I think gives us a good description of what Lord of hosts means.
The word [of hosts] means literally armies or military hosts. It is applied, however, to the angels which surround the throne of God; 1 Kings 22:19; 2 Chron. 18:18; Ps 103:21; and to the stars or constellations that appear to be marshalled in the sky; Jer. 33:22; Isa. 40:26. This host, or the “host of heaven,” was frequently an object of idolatrous worship; Deut. 4:19; 17:3; 2 Kings 17:16. God is called Yahweh of hosts because he is at the head of all these armies, as their leader and commander; he marshals and directs them-as a general does the army under his command.
I found seven different passages with this title, which I believe applies to Him in the millennial kingdom. Note in this first group of passages how “Lord of hosts” displays His awesomeness, glory and holiness (bold for emphasis).
Lift up your heads, O gates,
And lift them up, O ancient doors,
That the King of glory may come in!
10 Who is this King of glory?
The Lord of hosts,
He is the King of glory.
And the heavens will praise Thy wonders, O Lord;
Thy faithfulness also in the assembly of the holy ones.
6 For who in the skies is comparable to the Lord?
Who among the sons of the mighty is like the Lord,
7 A God greatly feared in the council of the holy ones,
And awesome above all those who are around Him?
8 O Lord God of hosts, who is like Thee, O mighty Lord?
Thy faithfulness also surrounds Thee.
(Read also Isaiah 6:1-3 and Zechariah 14:16-21.)
So we see in this group of scriptures His great glory. Yes, He is and will be displayed as the great and awesome King of glory. And His glory and greatness is not without a purpose. The main purpose, as is revealed in the next few passages, is to establish His government of peace in the world and to defend and protect His people from all those who will oppose Him.
For thus says the Lord to me,
As the lion or the young lion growls over his prey,
Against which a band of shepherds is called out,
Will not be terrified at their voice, nor disturbed at their noise,
So will the Lord of hosts come down to wage war on Mount Zion and on its hill.”
5 Like flying birds so the Lord of hosts will protect Jerusalem.
He will protect and deliver it;
He will pass over and rescue it.
(Read also Isaiah 25:4-6 and Micah 4:2-4.)