In the Hebrew scriptures the predominant word translated as Lord is Yahweh, used 6828 times; and the word Adon or Adonay is also used, found 439 times. Adon or Adonay is the word used when referring to God (or a leader) as a sovereign ruler, and Yahweh is the more common word used for God, meaning the self-existent or eternal one. In this study of the millennium we will examine five different usages of Lord (both Yahweh and Adonay), that will be used of Christ in His millennial kingdom, hence I was careful to study only those scriptures that I think are millennial passages.
Lord of hosts
This title depicts our Lord’s great might and power over all things. In the NIV and in the NLT it is translated LORD Almighty. But I prefer the older King James translation, Lord of hosts, because it seems to ring true to its meaning. Barnes, in His Barnes’ Notes, I think gives us a good description of what Lord of hosts means.
The word [of hosts] means literally armies or military hosts. It is applied, however, to the angels which surround the throne of God; 1 Kings 22:19; 2 Chron. 18:18; Ps 103:21; and to the stars or constellations that appear to be marshalled in the sky; Jer. 33:22; Isa. 40:26. This host, or the “host of heaven,” was frequently an object of idolatrous worship; Deut. 4:19; 17:3; 2 Kings 17:16. God is called Yahweh of hosts because he is at the head of all these armies, as their leader and commander; he marshals and directs them-as a general does the army under his command.
I found seven different passages with this title, which I believe applies to Him in the millennial kingdom: Psalm 24:9-10; 89:5-8; Isaiah 6:1-3; 25:4-6; 31:4-5; Micah 4:2-4; Zechariah 14:16-21.
In this title, “Lord” is Adonay and “God” is Yahweh. Adonay is the Hebrew word for one who is a sovereign ruler, thus the two words together may be translated as Sovereign Lord, as the NIV suggests. Most of the time when this title is used it seems that God the Father is inferred. However, there are a few cases where I think the Messiah is meant. In Isaiah 40:10 the title is definitely a reference to Christ the Son of God coming to earth to defeat His enemies, and to gather and feed His flock like a good shepherd (v.11). In Ezekiel 34:7-31 we see a similar picture of the “Lord God” who comes to the earth as judge and as a good shepherd. He will judge the shepherds of Israel who did not care for His sheep, and He will also judge between the good sheep and the evil ones. Then (in the millennium) He will take over as the good shepherd over all His flock. In this passage notice all the times that “Lord God” is used. And notice How He expresses His sovereignty in the phrase “I will.” Thus here the shepherds of Israel have not been good shepherds: they have not fed their flock, nor did they care for them. Hence, the Lord God expresses what He will do. He said, “I shall demand My sheep from them…” (v. 10); He said, “I Myself will search for My sheep…I will care for My sheep” (vv. 11-12). (Read also Revelation 1:8 to see this title.)
The Lord our righteousness
His name “Lord” not only represents His power and sovereignty, but also His righteousness and holiness. In Isaiah’s vision, in Isaiah 6:1-3, he said,
In the year of King, Uzziah’s death, I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, lofty and exalted, with the train of His robe filling the temple. 2 Seraphim stood above Him, each having six wings; with two he covered his face, and with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. 3 And one called out to another and said, “Holy, Holy, Holy, is the Lord of hosts,The whole earth is full of His glory.”
Yes, that name “Lord” represents holiness. And in the millennium all will see Him as holy. The prophet Jeremiah wrote of His righteousness and that He will be call “the Lord our righteousness.”
Jeremiah 23:5-6“Behold, the days are coming,” declares the Lord,”When I shall raise up for David a righteous Branch;And He will reign as king and act wiselyAnd do justice and righteousness in the land. 6 “In His days Judah will be saved,And Israel will dwell securely;And this is His name by which He will be called,’The Lord our righteousness.’
Mountain of the Lord, mountain of the house of the Lord, temple of the Lord, The Throne of the Lord, glory of the Lord
These descriptive headings found in Isaiah, Jeremiah, Micah, and Zechariah help us to see Christ the Lord in His glory as He will reign over the earth in His coming kingdom. In Isaiah 2:2-3 and Micah 4:1-8, the mountain (which is Mount Zion), is where the rebuilt Jerusalem will be and where the new millennial temple will be built. It will be the chief of the mountains—the highest of all the mountains around (some even say that it will be the only mountain remaining in Israel, and even in the entire world, after the great earthquakes of the great tribulation). It is where the law of God will be taught. People from all around the world will stream to this mountain to be taught of the Lord. (Read Isaiah 2:2-4.) The most predominant place on the mountain will be the temple, which is called in Zechariah 6:11-15, the temple of the Lord. This temple is also referred to as the house of the Lord—for indeed it is His house. From the temple the Lord sits on His throne; and it is from the temple that He will teach His law to the people. Notice that the mountain, the temple (or the house), and the throne are described as “of the Lord.” This is because they indeed are His. The mountain is His; the temple is His house; and the throne is His. In fact He is the one who is the builder of the temple in the millennium (Zech. 6:12). And we know that He is the creator of all things. The whole world is His. And at the center of the world in Jerusalem will shine a great light—the light of His glory. Yes, the glory of the Lord will shine brightly in Jerusalem from the temple where He sits, reigning on His throne. (Read also Isa. 60:1-3; Jer. 3:17; Ezek. 43:4-7; Zech. 6:11-15; Mic. 4:4-8.)
The loving kindness of the Lord
In the millennial kingdom this description of the Lord will undoubtedly be displayed toward all who believe in Him, but especially toward the Jewish people. For the millennium is designed primarily to fulfill God’s covenant with His people: that He will bless them (Gen. 12:2). Listen to these wonderful words of love from the Lord to Israel from the prophet Isaiah.
Isaiah 54:7-10“For a brief moment I forsook you, But with great compassion I will gather you. 8 “In an outburst of anger I hid My face from you for a moment; But with everlasting lovingkindness I will have compassion on you,” Says the Lord your Redeemer. 9 “For this is like the days of Noah to Me; When I swore that the waters of Noah Should not flood the earth again, So I have sworn that I will not be angry with you, Nor will I rebuke you. 10 “For the mountains may be removed and the hills may shake, But My lovingkindness will not be removed from you, And My covenant of peace will not be shaken,” Says the Lord who has compassion on you.
Now though His kindness is predominantly toward Israel in the millennium, He also has a plan to bless all people of the earth with His kindness. His plan of kindness toward all Gentiles will be primarily through the Jews, for His covenant to Israel states in Genesis 12:3,
And I will bless those who bless you,And the one who curses you I will curse.And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.”